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Botany started with early human efforts to identify edible, medicinal and toxic vegetation, making it one of many oldest sciences. Today botanists research over 550,000 species of dwelling organisms. The term “botany” comes from Greek βοτάνη, meaning “pasture, grass, fodder”, maybe via the thought of a livestock keeper needing to know which plants are secure for livestock to eat.

The Austrian-British philosopher of science Karl Popper (1902–1994) in 1990. The Human Genome Project was accomplished in 2003, figuring out the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA, and identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome...

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